How to Care for Blueberry Bushes

Blueberries are very easy to grow, require little care, little space, and are seldom bothered by pests. With a few basic steps, your DiMeo blueberry plants will thrive and last a lifetime. Let DiMeo Blueberry Farms & Berry Plant Garden Center teach you how to plant blueberry bushes and how to care for blueberry plants the right way, from the start! Look at the thousands of happy DiMeo berry plant customers LIKED our Facebook page featuring customer photos as well.

Selecting Blueberry Plant Varieties
We sell over 32 of the best blueberry plant varieties, but feature the most popular blueberry plant varieties to grow. Allow at least two (2) blueberry plants per family member in your house. For example, if you are a family of four, you should buy at least eight (8) blueberry plants, althought we recommend 10 to 12 plants for a household of that size.

Blueberry Plant Site Selection & Preparation

  • Select a sunny location. As sunny as possible.
  • Soil should be well drained, free of weeds and well worked.
  • Locate where water is available, as blueberry plant roots should be kept moist throughout the growing season.
  • If soil is poor or marginally drained, raised beds 3′ feet wide and 8-12″ inches high work well.
  • Incorporate QUALITY high-grade peat moss into the soil. Dig a hole 2-1/2 feet wide by 1′ foot deep. Remove 1/2 of the soil, mix in an equal portion of pre-moistened peat moss and work well. PEAT MOSS IS CRITICAL FOR LONG-TERM SUCCESSFUL BLUEBERRY PLANT GROWTH. If you don’t have quality peat moss, it we can sell you the best quality commercial grade peat moss at a fair price.
  • For raised beds, mix equal amounts of peat moss with acid compost or planting mix. Remember, blueberry plants thrive in acidic soils.
  • For soil that is not acidic enough, amend it with Rhododendron planting mix or organic matter.

Spacing Blueberry Plants
Plant blueberry bushes about 2′ feet apart between plants. Row spacing will depend on your mowing or cultivating equipment. Be careful not to plant your blueberry plants too deeply.

Planting Blueberry Plants
Remove blueberry plant from pot and lightly roughen up the outside surface of the rootball. Set the top soil line of the blueberry plant about 1-2″ inches higher than the existing ground and firm around rootball. Mound soil up along sides of exposed root mass. Water in well. If bareroot blueberry plant, spread roots out wide and shallow, covering with 1/2″ of soil. Firm soil around roots and water well.

Mulching Blueberry Plants
Blueberry plants do best with a 3″ inch peat moss layer over the roots to conserve moisture, prevent weeds and add fully composted matter. Pine bark, acid compost, sawdust, etc. Repeat every year. If you go with the peat moss (which is the right way to do it) then you are giving your blueberry plant the long-term food it needs. Avoid using treated or colored bark mulch.

Irrigation For Blueberry Plants & Pruning Blueberry Bushes
Let DiMeo Fruit Farms teach you how to prune blueberry bushes the right way. Every year your blueberry bushes should be heavily pruned to avoid overfruiting, which results in small fruit or poor growth. Follow these steps after the leaves have dropped during the winter months. Keep soil moist throughout the establishment period of blueberry plants.

  • Remove low growth around the base. If it doesn’t grow up, prune it.
  • Remove the dead wood, and non-vigorous twiggy wood. Keep the bright colored wood with long (at least 3″ inch) laterals. Remove blotchy-colored short growth.
  • If 1/3 to 1/2 of the wood has not been removed by the above steps, thin out the fruiting laterals and small branches until this balance has been obtained on the entire blueberry bush.

Fertilizing Blueberry Plants
We recommend using organic fertilizers. A mixture of 1 part kelp, 3 parts fish meal and 3 parts bone meal works well. Apply in early spring. Or use an acidic commercial preparation, such as Rhododendron food (5-5-3) for acid-loving plants like blueberry bushes or Holly Tone.

Avoid using fresh manures, and always water well after fertilizing blueberry plants.

If using a non-organic fertilizer, on newly planted stock, use two tablespoons of 10-20-10 (or similar fertilizer) in late spring or once plants are established. Be careful! Blueberry bushes are very sensitive to over fertilization. For subsequent years, use one ounce of fertilizer for each year of blueberry bush age, to a total of eight ounces per blueberry plant. Apply in early spring and again in late spring for best results. However, our farm practices and supports supports organic blueberry plant growing, and strongly encourages you to stay organic.

Wait 4-6 weeks after planting your blueberry plants before fertilizing. Don’t fertilize after July.

pH Requirements for Blueberries
For best success with your blueberry plants, we recommend that you meature/maintain pH levels regularly. Keeping pH levels between 4.5 to 4.8 is very important for your blueberry bushes.

Bird Netting For Blueberries
Not many of our customers have issues with birds, but some do. Here are some helpful tips from DiMeo Blueberry Farms on dealing with birds and blueberries:

The netting can be drapped over the blueberry plants, but we recommend installing a light, yet simple support structure. This will avoid entanglement of the net in the blueberry branch tips. Always remove netting at the end of your harvest to extend the life of netting. Some of our customers even paint the corner post poles and decorate them as to become more of a decorative piece in the garden.

Lastly, be sure to let all your friends and family members know where to buy ultra-premium BIG blueberry plants – from DiMeo Blueberry Farms in “the blueberry capital of the world” Hammonton, New Jersey. We are always here for you, if you have any additional questions: 

Thank you for your business. It is greatly appreciated. God bless.